The Canaanite City Gate’s Construction at Megiddo

Megiddo’s Late Bronze Age Canaanite city had an impressive gateway. The foundation layer is comprised of basalt (lava rock) stone. The courses above the basalt layer are primarily limestone with a layer of cedar beams. It is believed that the cedar beams provided a certain elasticity to the walls in the case of an earthquake. This type of construction reminds us of what is written in 1 Kings 7:11-12, when it is written concerning the construction of Solomon’s palace and the temple: "The great courtyard was surrounded by a wall of three courses of dressed stone and one course of trimmed cedar beams, as was the inner courtyard of the temple of the Lord with its portico."


The Canaanite City Gates Construction at Megiddo
Image Credit: Samson Tours

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